Here I will refer to the term 'private violence' as an overall encompassing word and 'family violence' being a branch of it.
I coined the term ‘private violence’ to incorporate gender-based violence, family violence, atrocities, sexual assault, maltreatment and neglect towards: children, young people, adults and older adults.
Perpetrators who commit ‘private violence’ are usually known to the survivor and victim. It is not necessarily what people assume, that is, ‘stranger danger’. Perpetrators are often; family members, friends of family, neighbours, individuals, some are respected leaders within a community and a group of people.
Such acts of private violence include; murder, family and domestic violence, incest, sexual assault, indecent assault, maltreatment and abuse that is, emotional, psychological, physical, financial and spiritual.
I believe that, bullying in the home, at work, school and on the internet / cyberspace is also very harmful and not discussed.
Perhaps, to consider and flag the issue of self-harm may also be seen as an act of private violence (towards oneself).
Private and family violence usually occurs ‘Behind closed doors’, even within the home and often kept as a ‘secret’. People in this situation can feel shame, anger, rage etcetera and think that it is their fault.
Private violence is not the same as what I call ‘public violence’. In my opinion, the definition of ‘public violence’ is (often sanctioned by society) such as, war, where it is in a combat situation, country versus country therefore, soldier against soldier. Albeit, in some cases soldiers violate children and women from the country they are at war with, this is an issue in itself.
Possibly, under the umbrella of ‘private violence’ topic areas can extend to: sexual harassment, racism, discrimination, sexual identity, spiritual/religious affiliation or non-affiliation, sexism, political affiliation, disability, ageism and harm towards the most vulnerable in society.
1. belonging to some particular person or persons; belonging to oneself; being one's own: private property.
2. relating to or affecting a particular person or a small group of persons; individual; personal: for your private satisfaction.
3. confined to or intended only for the person or persons immediately concerned; confidential: a private communication...
8. removed from or out of public view of knowledge; secret.
9. not open or accessible to people in general: a private road.
10. without the presence of others; alone; secluded...
[Middle English, from Latin prīvātus, past participle, literally, separated]
1. rough force in action: the violence of the wind.
2. rough or injurious action or treatment: to die by violence.
3. any unjust or unwarranted exertion of force or power, as against rights, laws, etc.; injury; wrong; outrage.
4. a violent act or proceeding.
5. rough or immoderate vehemence, as of feeling or language; fury; intensity; severity.
6. a distortion of meaning or fact.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin violentia vehemence]
On the Victorian Department of Human Services website  family violence is described as:
 http://www.dhs.vic.gov.au/for-individuals/children,-families-and-young-people/family-violence/what-is-family-violence (14 May 2016)
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